Dr. Sheetal Agarwal is the best Gynecologist in Delhi. The most common gynecological problem noticed among women is irregular periods. What is a regular period? A healthy menstrual cycle lasts for about 2 to 8 days and is repeated 24 to 34 days. Every person is different, and therefore the period cycle of every woman is also different. Generally, a period cycle remains almost the same for a woman. If there is a hit or miss after the period for the period cycle duration keeps changing every month, it is identified as an irregular period.
Irregular periods have many causes and reasons, some of which are listed here.
POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME (PCOS)
PCOS, also known as Stein-Leventhal syndrome, occurs when the female body is high in male hormones compared to the female hormones. Cysts in a string pattern form in the Uterus or Ovary and affect the menstrual cycle. PCOS, if left untreated, can also cause infertility or stop the menstrual cycle.
Obesity has many side effects, one of which is irregularities in the menstrual cycle. Extensive weight affects the hormones and body insulin levels resulting in an uncertain period cycle and irregular blood flow.
The thyroid can be of two types: overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) or second, Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism). Thyroid problems either cause extensive weight gain or comprehensive weight loss along with phatic and sensitivity to cold. If you have irregular periods due to thyroid issues, you may experience increased cramping and abdominal pain, and heavy blood flow.
MALNUTRITION AND EATING DISORDERS
Anemia and malnutrition cause rapid weight loss or extreme weight gain and have a negative effect on the menstrual cycle. Eating disorders interfere with hormones needed for ovulation.
UNHEALTHY LIFESTYLE AND STRESS
Having an unhealthy lifestyle, eating an unbalanced diet, not exercising or over-stressing yourself with work without enough rest, and changing sleep patterns have also been proven to interfere with the menstrual cycle.
Some medications that interfere with your menstrual cycle and cause irregular periods are antidepressants, hormonal therapy replacement, chemotherapy drugs, epilepsy drugs, blood thinners, etc. If you are on any of these medicines and experience irregular periods, consult your doctor to change medications. Medicines like Aspirin, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), Naproxen, etc. can affect the menstrual cycle
Fibroids are caused when extensive cell growth happens over the uterus wall, and muscular tumors develop. Generally, fibroids are non-cancerous, but some can develop carcinogenic cells in later stages. Fibroids cause leg pains, painful intercourse along painful and heavy periods, and thus also result in anemia.
CERVICAL OR ENDOMETRIAL CANCER
Along with irregular periods, if you’re bleeding between your periods or having extensively heavy periods, this can be a sign of cancer. Another significant sign is bleeding during or after intercourse or having unusual vaginal discharge.
The ones listed above are just some possible causes of irregular periods. If you have to change your pad or tampon frequently or experience severe pain, it might indicate some underlying medical issue. Sudden changes in period cycle or duration of symptoms such as fever or discharge are also red alerts. It is always recommended to visit a gynecologist and get you examined to identify the leading cause and treat it.
When irregular periods are haunting you for too long, or a proper lifestyle is still not helping you. It’s time to take professional help. Don’t hesitate to contact the appropriate gynecologist. Book an appointment with the best genealogist in Delhi, Dr. Sheetal Agarwal, through the online website:
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