It refers to the inability of a male to sustain erection constantly and repeatedly. It’s a common problem and is reported that it affects round 18-30 million men. It exerts considerable effects on the quality of life. More often than not persons are reluctant to talk about it to others even to doctors. This is why it is essential to address this problem openly.
What are the mechanics of erectile dysfunction?
The penis accommodates two cylinder-formed chambers called corpora cavernosa which runs along the size of the penis. They comprise arteries which convey the blood to the penis and veins which take the blood away from the penis. When there’s sexual stimulation either physically or mentally our brain sends a message to the nerves in the penis to cause the comfort of the penile arteries. This increases the blood flow to the penis making it stiff and hard, thus achieving erection.There may be simultaneous contraction of specialised muscle groups situated in the penis which compresses the veins and reduces the outflow of blood from the penis thereby helping to sustain erection.
This is clear now that anything that interferes with the either nerve impulses anywhere from the brain down to the penis or anything that limits the blood flow to the penis can result in erectile dysfunction.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
Most people consider it as a psychological problem. However it shouldn’t be the case. Though psychological factors are concerned within the causation of ED however principally we do have any underlying physical cause of ED.
Physical Conditions Leading To ED
1. Vascular diseases
We understand that it is the increased blood flow to the penis that helps us achieve erection. Thus any vascular diseases which impair the blood flow to the penis will make it troublesome to get erection. They include atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and elevated ranges of cholesterols.
Males affected by diabetes mellitus normally expertise erectile dysfunction for the duration of life particularly after they don’t have an optimum sugar control. The erectile dysfunction related with diabetes is attributed to damage to blood vessels as well as nerves.
3. Neurologic Disorder
For adequate erection we require proper functioning of our nerves as well as brain. This is why any dysfunction that interferes with the functions of brain or nerves can cause erectile dysfunction. They include conditions akin to Stroke Multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
There are some lifestyle decisions which can enhance the risk of erectile dysfunction. They embody smoking, drinking and drug abuse. The accomplish that by interfering with the blood supply of the penis.
Trauma to the blood vessels and nerve supplying the penis may cause erectile dysfunction. The significance of trauma as a cause of erectile dysfunction has been implicated in individuals who have been using bicycle for longer period of times. This is because bicycle seat can put constant pressure on the vessels and nerves supplying the penis thereby damaging them and resulting in erectile dysfunction.
There are specific medication that may cause erectile dysfunction. They embody medicines used to decrease blood pressure and also some antidepressant. The irony is depression and high blood pressure are some of the causes of erectile dysfunction and the medication you might be utilizing to deal with these conditions additionally cause erectile dysfunction. This is why it is necessary for you to talk to you doctor if you’re on any medicines and also you start having problems with the erection.
Principally older folks above the age of 50 have problems with erection. This is the age when people also current with enlargement of the prostate and even with prostate cancer. They require surgical procedures for these conditions and during surgery the nerves supplying the penis may be damaged leading to erectile dysfunction.
Psychiatric Conditions Leading To ED
The brain is concerned in achieving erection as well as pleasure and excitement related with sex so any problem that interferes with functioning of brain can cause ED. Psychiatric conditions are chargeable for only about 10-15percentof the cases of ED. They embrace
• Low-self esteem
Learn how to Treat Erectile Dysfunction?
1. Lifestyle modifications
There are specific life style changes which might help within the improvement of sexual function. They embrace cessation of smoking, exercise and weight loss.
There may be this famous drug called sildenafil which is well known as Viagra. It is not the only drug, somewhat there is a whole class of medicine called phosphodiestrase inhibitors. The opposite vital medications included in this group are Vardenafil ( Levita, Stxyn), Tadalafil (Cialis) and Avanafil (Stendra)
3. Vacuum Pumps
They are specialized units containing a cylinder and a pump. The penis is positioned in the cylinder and pump is used to draw the air out of the pump creating a cylinder. This will increase the blood flow to the penis. With the intention to keep the erection an elastic band is worn around the base of penis.
4. Surgical procedure
If the erectile dysfunction is because of blockage of the artery supplying the penis especially in younger patients we are able to surgically restore that blood flow. The other things we can do surgically is place an implant in there. This implant is filled with the pressurized fluid whenever erection is required.
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