Causes and Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile Dysfunction

It refers back to the inability of a male to maintain erection constantly and repeatedly. It is a common problem and is reported that it affects around 18-30 million men. It exerts considerable effects on the quality of life. More often than not people are reluctant to talk about it to others even to doctors. This is why it is necessary to address this problem openly.

What are the mechanics of erectile dysfunction?

The penis incorporates cylinder-formed chambers called corpora cavernosa which runs along the length of the penis. They contain arteries which carry the blood to the penis and veins which take the blood away from the penis. When there may be sexual stimulation either physically or mentally our brain sends a message to the nerves in the penis to cause the comfort of the penile arteries. This increases the blood flow to the penis making it stiff and hard, thus achieving erection.There may be simultaneous contraction of specialized muscle tissues situated within the penis which compresses the veins and reduces the outflow of blood from the penis thereby helping to sustain erection.

This is evident now that anything that interferes with the either nerve impulses anywhere from the brain down to the penis or anything that limits the blood flow to the penis can result in erectile dysfunction.

Causes of Erectile Dysfunction

Most people consider it as a psychological problem. Nevertheless it isn’t the case. Though psychological factors are involved in the causation of ED but mostly we do have any underlying physical cause of ED.

Physical Conditions Leading To ED

1. Vascular ailments

We understand that it is the elevated blood flow to the penis that helps us achieve erection. Thus any vascular ailments which impair the blood flow to the penis will make it difficult to get erection. They embrace atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and increased levels of cholesterols.

2. Diabetes

Males affected by diabetes mellitus normally expertise erectile dysfunction at some stage in life particularly once they don’t have an optimum sugar control. The erectile dysfunction associated with diabetes is attributed to damage to blood vessels as well as nerves.

3. Neurologic Dysfunction

For adequate erection we require proper functioning of our nerves as well as brain. This is why any disorder that interferes with the functions of brain or nerves can cause erectile dysfunction. They embrace conditions such as Stroke Multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.

4. Lifestyle

There are some lifestyle choices which can enhance the risk of erectile dysfunction. They embrace smoking, drinking and drug abuse. The do so by interfering with the blood provide of the penis.

5. Trauma

Trauma to the blood vessels and nerve supplying the penis may also cause erectile dysfunction. The significance of trauma as a cause of erectile dysfunction has been implicated in people who have been using bicycle for longer period of times. This is because bicycle seat can put constant pressure on the vessels and nerves supplying the penis thereby damaging them and resulting in erectile dysfunction.

6. Medicines

There are particular medicine that may cause erectile dysfunction. They include medications used to decrease blood pressure and also some antidepressant. The irony is depression and high blood pressure are among the causes of erectile dysfunction and the drugs you are using to deal with these conditions also cause erectile dysfunction. This is why it is necessary so that you can talk to you doctor if you are on any drugs and you start having problems with the erection.

7. Surgical procedure

Mostly older people above the age of fifty have problems with erection. This is the age when people additionally present with enlargement of the prostate and even with prostate cancer. They require surgical procedures for these conditions and through surgery the nerves supplying the penis may be damaged resulting in erectile dysfunction.

Psychiatric Conditions Leading To ED

The brain is involved in achieving erection as well as pleasure and excitement related with sex so any problem that interferes with functioning of brain can cause ED. Psychiatric conditions are responsible for only about 10-15%of the cases of ED. They embrace

• Stress

• Anxiety

• Depression

• Low-self-worth

The right way to Deal with Erectile Dysfunction?

1. Lifestyle modifications

There are particular life model modifications which may also help within the improvement of sexual function. They embody cessation of smoking, exercise and weight loss.

2. Drugs

There is this famous drug called sildenafil which is well known as Viagra. It’s not the only drug, rather there is a whole class of medicine called phosphodiestrase inhibitors. The opposite necessary medications included in this group are Vardenafil ( Levita, Stxyn), Tadalafil (Cialis) and Avanafil (Stendra)

3. Vacuum Pumps

They’re specialised devices containing a cylinder and a pump. The penis is positioned within the cylinder and pump is used to draw the air out of the pump creating a cylinder. This will increase the blood flow to the penis. As a way to preserve the erection an elastic band is worn across the base of penis.

4. Surgical procedure

If the erectile dysfunction is due to blockage of the artery supplying the penis particularly in youthful patients we can surgically restore that blood flow. The opposite things we are able to do surgically is place an implant in there. This implant is stuffed with the pressurized fluid whenever erection is required.

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