It refers to the inability of a male to sustain erection constantly and repeatedly. It’s a widespread problem and is reported that it affects around 18-30 million men. It exerts considerable effects on the quality of life. Most of the time individuals are reluctant to talk about it to others even to doctors. This is why it is important to address this problem openly.
What are the mechanics of erectile dysfunction?
The penis contains two cylinder-formed chambers called corpora cavernosa which runs alongside the size of the penis. They include arteries which bring the blood to the penis and veins which take the blood away from the penis. When there may be sexual stimulation either physically or mentally our brain sends a message to the nerves in the penis to cause the relief of the penile arteries. This increases the blood flow to the penis making it stiff and hard, thus achieving erection.There may be simultaneous contraction of specialized muscle groups situated in the penis which compresses the veins and reduces the outflow of blood from the penis thereby serving to to maintain erection.
This is obvious now that anything that interferes with the either nerve impulses wherever from the brain down to the penis or anything that limits the blood flow to the penis can lead to erectile dysfunction.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
Most of the people consider it as a psychological problem. Nevertheless it isn’t the case. Although psychological factors are involved in the causation of ED but largely we do have any undermendacity physical cause of ED.
Physical Conditions Leading To ED
1. Vascular ailments
We understand that it is the increased blood flow to the penis that helps us achieve erection. Thus any vascular illnesses which impair the blood flow to the penis will make it difficult to get erection. They include atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and increased levels of cholesterols.
Males suffering from diabetes mellitus often experience erectile dysfunction throughout life particularly when they don’t have an optimum sugar control. The erectile dysfunction associated with diabetes is attributed to damage to blood vessels as well as nerves.
3. Neurologic Dysfunction
For adequate erection we require proper functioning of our nerves as well as brain. This is why any disorder that interferes with the features of brain or nerves can cause erectile dysfunction. They include conditions corresponding to Stroke Multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
There are some life-style decisions which can increase the risk of erectile dysfunction. They embody smoking, drinking and drug abuse. The achieve this by interfering with the blood provide of the penis.
Trauma to the blood vessels and nerve supplying the penis may also cause erectile dysfunction. The significance of trauma as a cause of erectile dysfunction has been implicated in people who have been driving bicycle for longer period of times. This is because bicycle seat can put fixed pressure on the vessels and nerves supplying the penis thereby damaging them and resulting in erectile dysfunction.
There are specific drugs that may cause erectile dysfunction. They embrace medicines used to lower blood pressure and in addition some antidepressant. The irony is depression and high blood pressure are a few of the causes of erectile dysfunction and the medication you’re using to deal with these conditions additionally cause erectile dysfunction. This is why it is vital so that you can talk to you physician if you’re on any medicines and also you start having problems with the erection.
7. Surgical procedure
Mostly older folks above the age of 50 have problems with erection. This is the age when people also present with enlargement of the prostate and even with prostate cancer. They require surgical procedures for these conditions and through surgical procedure the nerves supplying the penis might be damaged leading to erectile dysfunction.
Psychiatric Conditions Leading To ED
The brain is concerned in achieving erection as well as pleasure and excitement associated with sex so any problem that interferes with functioning of brain can cause ED. Psychiatric conditions are chargeable for only about 10-15%of the cases of ED. They embody
• Low-self esteem
Learn how to Treat Erectile Dysfunction?
1. Life-style adjustments
There are specific life style changes which may help within the improvement of sexual function. They embody cessation of smoking, exercise and weight loss.
There may be this famous drug called sildenafil which is well known as Viagra. It is not the only drug, fairly there is a complete class of medication called phosphodiestrase inhibitors. The opposite vital medications included in this group are Vardenafil ( Levita, Stxyn), Tadalafil (Cialis) and Avanafil (Stendra)
3. Vacuum Pumps
They’re specialised units containing a cylinder and a pump. The penis is positioned in the cylinder and pump is used to draw the air out of the pump creating a cylinder. This will increase the blood flow to the penis. With a view to keep the erection an elastic band is worn across the base of penis.
If the erectile dysfunction is because of blockage of the artery supplying the penis particularly in youthful patients we will surgically restore that blood flow. The opposite things we can do surgically is place an implant in there. This implant is filled with the pressurized fluid whenever erection is required.
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