It refers to the inability of a male to maintain erection constantly and repeatedly. It is a frequent problem and is reported that it affects around 18-30 million men. It exerts considerable effects on the quality of life. More often than not individuals are reluctant to talk about it to others even to doctors. This is why it is necessary to address this problem openly.
What are the mechanics of erectile dysfunction?
The penis comprises two cylinder-formed chambers called corpora cavernosa which runs alongside the length of the penis. They include arteries which carry the blood to the penis and veins which take the blood away from the penis. When there is sexual stimulation either physically or mentally our brain sends a message to the nerves within the penis to cause the comfort of the penile arteries. This increases the blood flow to the penis making it stiff and hard, thus achieving erection.There is simultaneous contraction of specialised muscle mass situated in the penis which compresses the veins and reduces the outflow of blood from the penis thereby serving to to sustain erection.
This is evident now that anything that interferes with the either nerve impulses anyplace from the brain down to the penis or anything that limits the blood flow to the penis may end up in erectile dysfunction.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
The general public consider it as a psychological problem. However it just isn’t the case. Although psychological factors are concerned in the causation of ED but largely we do have any undermendacity physical cause of ED.
Physical Conditions Leading To ED
1. Vascular diseases
We understand that it is the elevated blood flow to the penis that helps us achieve erection. Thus any vascular ailments which impair the blood flow to the penis will make it tough to get erection. They include atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and elevated ranges of cholesterols.
Males affected by diabetes mellitus usually experience erectile dysfunction during life particularly when they don’t have an optimum sugar control. The erectile dysfunction related with diabetes is attributed to damage to blood vessels as well as nerves.
3. Neurologic Disorder
For adequate erection we require proper functioning of our nerves as well as brain. This is why any dysfunction that interferes with the features of brain or nerves can cause erectile dysfunction. They embody conditions akin to Stroke Multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
4. Way of life
There are some life-style decisions which can enhance the risk of erectile dysfunction. They embrace smoking, drinking and drug abuse. The accomplish that by interfering with the blood supply of the penis.
Trauma to the blood vessels and nerve supplying the penis may cause erectile dysfunction. The significance of trauma as a cause of erectile dysfunction has been implicated in people who have been using bicycle for longer interval of times. This is because bicycle seat can put constant pressure on the vessels and nerves supplying the penis thereby damaging them and leading to erectile dysfunction.
There are specific medication that can cause erectile dysfunction. They embrace drugs used to decrease blood pressure and also some antidepressant. The irony is depression and high blood pressure are a few of the causes of erectile dysfunction and the medication you are utilizing to treat these conditions additionally cause erectile dysfunction. This is why it is essential so that you can talk to you physician if you are on any medicines and also you start having problems with the erection.
Principally older folks above the age of fifty have problems with erection. This is the age when folks additionally current with enlargement of the prostate and even with prostate cancer. They require surgeries for these conditions and through surgery the nerves supplying the penis is likely to be damaged leading to erectile dysfunction.
Psychiatric Conditions Leading To ED
The brain is concerned in achieving erection as well as pleasure and excitement related with intercourse so any problem that interferes with functioning of brain can cause ED. Psychiatric conditions are answerable for only about 10-15percentof the cases of ED. They embody
The right way to Treat Erectile Dysfunction?
1. Life-style modifications
There are certain life fashion modifications which may help in the improvement of sexual function. They include cessation of smoking, exercise and weight loss.
There is this famous drug called sildenafil which is well known as Viagra. It isn’t the only drug, fairly there’s a whole class of medication called phosphodiestrase inhibitors. The other essential medicines included in this group are Vardenafil ( Levita, Stxyn), Tadalafil (Cialis) and Avanafil (Stendra)
3. Vacuum Pumps
They’re specialized devices containing a cylinder and a pump. The penis is positioned in the cylinder and pump is used to draw the air out of the pump making a cylinder. This will increase the blood flow to the penis. In an effort to preserve the erection an elastic band is worn across the base of penis.
4. Surgical procedure
If the erectile dysfunction is due to blockage of the artery supplying the penis especially in youthful patients we are able to surgically restore that blood flow. The other things we can do surgically is place an implant in there. This implant is stuffed with the pressurized fluid whenever erection is required.
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