It refers to the inability of a male to maintain erection persistently and repeatedly. It’s a frequent problem and is reported that it impacts round 18-30 million men. It exerts considerable effects on the quality of life. More often than not persons are reluctant to talk about it to others even to doctors. This is why it is necessary to address this problem openly.
What are the mechanics of erectile dysfunction?
The penis comprises cylinder-shaped chambers called corpora cavernosa which runs alongside the size of the penis. They contain arteries which deliver the blood to the penis and veins which take the blood away from the penis. When there is sexual stimulation either physically or mentally our brain sends a message to the nerves in the penis to cause the relief of the penile arteries. This increases the blood flow to the penis making it stiff and hard, thus achieving erection.There’s simultaneous contraction of specialised muscular tissues located in the penis which compresses the veins and reduces the outflow of blood from the penis thereby helping to maintain erection.
This is evident now that anything that interferes with the either nerve impulses wherever from the brain down to the penis or anything that limits the blood flow to the penis may end up in erectile dysfunction.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
Most people consider it as a psychological problem. Nonetheless it is not the case. Though psychological factors are concerned in the causation of ED however mostly we do have any underlying physical cause of ED.
Physical Conditions Leading To ED
1. Vascular illnesses
We understand that it is the increased blood flow to the penis that helps us achieve erection. Thus any vascular diseases which impair the blood flow to the penis will make it tough to get erection. They embody atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and elevated levels of cholesterols.
Males suffering from diabetes mellitus often experience erectile dysfunction during life particularly once they don’t have an optimum sugar control. The erectile dysfunction related with diabetes is attributed to damage to blood vessels as well as nerves.
3. Neurologic Disorder
For adequate erection we require proper functioning of our nerves as well as brain. This is why any dysfunction that interferes with the features of brain or nerves can cause erectile dysfunction. They embrace conditions resembling Stroke A number of sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
4. Way of life
There are some lifestyle choices which can increase the risk of erectile dysfunction. They embrace smoking, drinking and drug abuse. The do so by interfering with the blood provide of the penis.
Trauma to the blood vessels and nerve supplying the penis can also cause erectile dysfunction. The significance of trauma as a cause of erectile dysfunction has been implicated in people who have been driving bicycle for longer period of times. This is because bicycle seat can put fixed pressure on the vessels and nerves supplying the penis thereby damaging them and resulting in erectile dysfunction.
There are particular medicine that may cause erectile dysfunction. They embody drugs used to lower blood pressure and in addition some antidepressant. The irony is depression and high blood pressure are among the causes of erectile dysfunction and the drugs you’re utilizing to treat these conditions also cause erectile dysfunction. This is why it is important so that you can talk to you physician in case you are on any drugs and you start having problems with the erection.
Principally older individuals above the age of 50 have problems with erection. This is the age when people additionally present with enlargement of the prostate and even with prostate cancer. They require surgical procedures for these conditions and during surgical procedure the nerves supplying the penis might be damaged leading to erectile dysfunction.
Psychiatric Conditions Leading To ED
The brain is involved in achieving erection as well as pleasure and excitement related with sex so any problem that interferes with functioning of brain can cause ED. Psychiatric conditions are answerable for only about 10-15%of the cases of ED. They include
Easy methods to Deal with Erectile Dysfunction?
1. Way of life adjustments
There are specific life fashion adjustments which will help in the improvement of sexual function. They embody cessation of smoking, exercise and weight loss.
There may be this famous drug called sildenafil which is well known as Viagra. It isn’t the only drug, reasonably there’s a complete class of medicine called phosphodiestrase inhibitors. The other important medications included in this group are Vardenafil ( Levita, Stxyn), Tadalafil (Cialis) and Avanafil (Stendra)
3. Vacuum Pumps
They’re specialised devices containing a cylinder and a pump. The penis is positioned in the cylinder and pump is used to draw the air out of the pump making a cylinder. This will increase the blood flow to the penis. So as to maintain the erection an elastic band is worn around the base of penis.
4. Surgical procedure
If the erectile dysfunction is because of blockage of the artery supplying the penis especially in younger patients we are able to surgically restore that blood flow. The opposite things we will do surgically is place an implant in there. This implant is stuffed with the pressurized fluid every time erection is required.
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