It refers back to the inability of a male to maintain erection consistently and repeatedly. It’s a frequent problem and is reported that it impacts around 18-30 million men. It exerts considerable effects on the quality of life. Most of the time people are reluctant to talk about it to others even to doctors. This is why it is vital to address this problem openly.
What are the mechanics of erectile dysfunction?
The penis accommodates two cylinder-formed chambers called corpora cavernosa which runs alongside the length of the penis. They contain arteries which convey the blood to the penis and veins which take the blood away from the penis. When there is sexual stimulation either physically or mentally our brain sends a message to the nerves in the penis to cause the relief of the penile arteries. This increases the blood flow to the penis making it stiff and hard, thus achieving erection.There may be simultaneous contraction of specialised muscles positioned within the penis which compresses the veins and reduces the outflow of blood from the penis thereby helping to maintain erection.
This is obvious now that anything that interferes with the either nerve impulses wherever from the brain down to the penis or anything that limits the blood flow to the penis may end up in erectile dysfunction.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
Most of the people consider it as a psychological problem. However it shouldn’t be the case. Though psychological factors are involved in the causation of ED however principally we do have any undermendacity physical cause of ED.
Physical Conditions Leading To ED
1. Vascular diseases
We understand that it is the increased blood flow to the penis that helps us achieve erection. Thus any vascular illnesses which impair the blood flow to the penis will make it tough to get erection. They embrace atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and increased levels of cholesterols.
Males suffering from diabetes mellitus usually expertise erectile dysfunction in the course of life particularly once they do not have an optimum sugar control. The erectile dysfunction associated with diabetes is attributed to damage to blood vessels as well as nerves.
3. Neurologic Dysfunction
For adequate erection we require proper functioning of our nerves as well as brain. This is why any dysfunction that interferes with the features of brain or nerves can cause erectile dysfunction. They embrace conditions resembling Stroke A number of sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
4. Way of life
There are some lifestyle decisions which can increase the risk of erectile dysfunction. They embrace smoking, drinking and drug abuse. The achieve this by interfering with the blood supply of the penis.
Trauma to the blood vessels and nerve supplying the penis can even cause erectile dysfunction. The significance of trauma as a cause of erectile dysfunction has been implicated in people who have been using bicycle for longer interval of times. This is because bicycle seat can put constant pressure on the vessels and nerves supplying the penis thereby damaging them and leading to erectile dysfunction.
There are certain medication that may cause erectile dysfunction. They embrace medications used to decrease blood pressure and likewise some antidepressant. The irony is depression and high blood pressure are a number of the causes of erectile dysfunction and the drugs you might be utilizing to treat these conditions also cause erectile dysfunction. This is why it is necessary for you to talk to you doctor if you’re on any medicines and you start having problems with the erection.
Principally older folks above the age of 50 have problems with erection. This is the age when people additionally present with enlargement of the prostate and even with prostate cancer. They require surgeries for these conditions and through surgery the nerves supplying the penis is perhaps damaged leading to erectile dysfunction.
Psychiatric Conditions Leading To ED
The brain is involved in achieving erection as well as pleasure and excitement associated with intercourse so any problem that interferes with functioning of brain can cause ED. Psychiatric conditions are answerable for only about 10-15%of the cases of ED. They embrace
• Low-self worth
Find out how to Deal with Erectile Dysfunction?
1. Way of life adjustments
There are specific life type changes which might help within the improvement of sexual function. They include cessation of smoking, train and weight loss.
There’s this famous drug called sildenafil which is well known as Viagra. It’s not the only drug, rather there is a complete class of medicine called phosphodiestrase inhibitors. The other necessary drugs included in this group are Vardenafil ( Levita, Stxyn), Tadalafil (Cialis) and Avanafil (Stendra)
3. Vacuum Pumps
They’re specialised gadgets containing a cylinder and a pump. The penis is positioned in the cylinder and pump is used to draw the air out of the pump creating a cylinder. This will increase the blood flow to the penis. With the intention to maintain the erection an elastic band is worn across the base of penis.
4. Surgical procedure
If the erectile dysfunction is because of blockage of the artery supplying the penis particularly in youthful patients we are able to surgically restore that blood flow. The other things we can do surgically is place an implant in there. This implant is stuffed with the pressurized fluid every time erection is required.
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