It refers to the inability of a male to maintain erection persistently and repeatedly. It is a frequent problem and is reported that it affects round 18-30 million men. It exerts considerable effects on the quality of life. More often than not people are reluctant to talk about it to others even to doctors. This is why it is necessary to address this problem openly.
What are the mechanics of erectile dysfunction?
The penis accommodates cylinder-shaped chambers called corpora cavernosa which runs alongside the length of the penis. They contain arteries which deliver the blood to the penis and veins which take the blood away from the penis. When there’s sexual stimulation either physically or mentally our brain sends a message to the nerves within the penis to cause the comfort of the penile arteries. This increases the blood flow to the penis making it stiff and hard, thus achieving erection.There’s simultaneous contraction of specialized muscular tissues situated within the penis which compresses the veins and reduces the outflow of blood from the penis thereby serving to to sustain erection.
This is obvious now that anything that interferes with the either nerve impulses anyplace from the brain down to the penis or anything that limits the blood flow to the penis may end up in erectile dysfunction.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
The general public consider it as a psychological problem. Nevertheless it isn’t the case. Though psychological factors are involved in the causation of ED however largely we do have any undermendacity physical cause of ED.
Physical Conditions Leading To ED
1. Vascular diseases
We understand that it is the elevated blood flow to the penis that helps us achieve erection. Thus any vascular ailments which impair the blood flow to the penis will make it troublesome to get erection. They embrace atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and elevated levels of cholesterols.
Males affected by diabetes mellitus often experience erectile dysfunction in the course of life particularly once they haven’t got an optimum sugar control. The erectile dysfunction related with diabetes is attributed to damage to blood vessels as well as nerves.
3. Neurologic Disorder
For adequate erection we require proper functioning of our nerves as well as brain. This is why any disorder that interferes with the functions of brain or nerves can cause erectile dysfunction. They embrace conditions reminiscent of Stroke A number of sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
There are some lifestyle selections which can enhance the risk of erectile dysfunction. They embody smoking, drinking and drug abuse. The do so by interfering with the blood provide of the penis.
Trauma to the blood vessels and nerve supplying the penis can also cause erectile dysfunction. The importance of trauma as a cause of erectile dysfunction has been implicated in people who have been driving bicycle for longer interval of times. This is because bicycle seat can put constant pressure on the vessels and nerves supplying the penis thereby damaging them and resulting in erectile dysfunction.
There are particular medicine that can cause erectile dysfunction. They embrace medicines used to lower blood pressure and also some antidepressant. The irony is depression and high blood pressure are among the causes of erectile dysfunction and the medicine you might be using to treat these conditions additionally cause erectile dysfunction. This is why it is essential so that you can talk to you doctor in case you are on any medicines and also you start having problems with the erection.
7. Surgical procedure
Mostly older folks above the age of fifty have problems with erection. This is the age when folks additionally present with enlargement of the prostate and even with prostate cancer. They require surgeries for these conditions and during surgery the nerves supplying the penis could be damaged leading to erectile dysfunction.
Psychiatric Conditions Leading To ED
The brain is concerned in achieving erection as well as pleasure and excitement related with sex so any problem that interferes with functioning of brain can cause ED. Psychiatric conditions are responsible for only about 10-15percentof the cases of ED. They include
• Low-self esteem
The best way to Treat Erectile Dysfunction?
1. Life-style modifications
There are specific life type modifications which might help in the improvement of sexual function. They embrace cessation of smoking, train and weight loss.
There’s this famous drug called sildenafil which is well known as Viagra. It’s not the only drug, reasonably there is a whole class of medication called phosphodiestrase inhibitors. The other essential medications included in this group are Vardenafil ( Levita, Stxyn), Tadalafil (Cialis) and Avanafil (Stendra)
3. Vacuum Pumps
They’re specialized devices containing a cylinder and a pump. The penis is placed in the cylinder and pump is used to draw the air out of the pump creating a cylinder. This will increase the blood flow to the penis. In an effort to keep the erection an elastic band is worn across the base of penis.
If the erectile dysfunction is because of blockage of the artery supplying the penis especially in younger patients we will surgically restore that blood flow. The opposite things we are able to do surgically is place an implant in there. This implant is stuffed with the pressurized fluid each time erection is required.
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