It refers back to the inability of a male to sustain erection constantly and repeatedly. It’s a widespread problem and is reported that it affects around 18-30 million men. It exerts considerable effects on the quality of life. More often than not persons are reluctant to talk about it to others even to doctors. This is why it is important to address this problem openly.
What are the mechanics of erectile dysfunction?
The penis incorporates two cylinder-shaped chambers called corpora cavernosa which runs along the size of the penis. They comprise arteries which bring the blood to the penis and veins which take the blood away from the penis. When there’s sexual stimulation either physically or mentally our brain sends a message to the nerves within the penis to cause the relief of the penile arteries. This will increase the blood flow to the penis making it stiff and hard, thus achieving erection.There is simultaneous contraction of specialised muscular tissues situated within the penis which compresses the veins and reduces the outflow of blood from the penis thereby helping to maintain erection.
This is obvious now that anything that interferes with the either nerve impulses wherever from the brain down to the penis or anything that limits the blood flow to the penis may end up in erectile dysfunction.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
Most of the people consider it as a psychological problem. However it is not the case. Although psychological factors are involved within the causation of ED however mostly we do have any underlying physical cause of ED.
Physical Conditions Leading To ED
1. Vascular diseases
We understand that it is the elevated blood flow to the penis that helps us achieve erection. Thus any vascular ailments which impair the blood flow to the penis will make it troublesome to get erection. They embody atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and elevated ranges of cholesterols.
Males affected by diabetes mellitus often experience erectile dysfunction all through life particularly once they do not have an optimum sugar control. The erectile dysfunction associated with diabetes is attributed to damage to blood vessels as well as nerves.
3. Neurologic Dysfunction
For adequate erection we require proper functioning of our nerves as well as brain. This is why any disorder that interferes with the capabilities of brain or nerves can cause erectile dysfunction. They include conditions resembling Stroke Multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
4. Way of life
There are some way of life selections which can enhance the risk of erectile dysfunction. They embody smoking, drinking and drug abuse. The achieve this by interfering with the blood provide of the penis.
Trauma to the blood vessels and nerve supplying the penis may cause erectile dysfunction. The significance of trauma as a cause of erectile dysfunction has been implicated in individuals who have been driving bicycle for longer period of times. This is because bicycle seat can put fixed pressure on the vessels and nerves supplying the penis thereby damaging them and resulting in erectile dysfunction.
There are particular medication that can cause erectile dysfunction. They embrace medicines used to lower blood pressure and also some antidepressant. The irony is depression and high blood pressure are a few of the causes of erectile dysfunction and the medicine you might be using to treat these conditions also cause erectile dysfunction. This is why it is vital for you to talk to you doctor in case you are on any drugs and also you start having problems with the erection.
7. Surgical procedure
Mostly older folks above the age of 50 have problems with erection. This is the age when people also present with enlargement of the prostate and even with prostate cancer. They require surgeries for these conditions and through surgery the nerves supplying the penis is perhaps damaged resulting in erectile dysfunction.
Psychiatric Conditions Leading To ED
The brain is concerned in achieving erection as well as pleasure and excitement related with intercourse so any problem that interferes with functioning of brain can cause ED. Psychiatric conditions are responsible for only about 10-15percentof the cases of ED. They include
• Low-self esteem
Find out how to Deal with Erectile Dysfunction?
1. Lifestyle modifications
There are certain life style changes which might help in the improvement of sexual function. They embrace cessation of smoking, exercise and weight loss.
There may be this famous drug called sildenafil which is well known as Viagra. It isn’t the only drug, relatively there’s a entire class of medication called phosphodiestrase inhibitors. The opposite essential medications included in this group are Vardenafil ( Levita, Stxyn), Tadalafil (Cialis) and Avanafil (Stendra)
3. Vacuum Pumps
They are specialised units containing a cylinder and a pump. The penis is placed in the cylinder and pump is used to draw the air out of the pump making a cylinder. This increases the blood flow to the penis. So as to maintain the erection an elastic band is worn around the base of penis.
4. Surgical procedure
If the erectile dysfunction is due to blockage of the artery supplying the penis especially in younger patients we can surgically restore that blood flow. The opposite things we are able to do surgically is place an implant in there. This implant is crammed with the pressurized fluid whenever erection is required.
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