It refers back to the inability of a male to maintain erection persistently and repeatedly. It’s a common problem and is reported that it affects around 18-30 million men. It exerts considerable effects on the quality of life. Most of the time individuals are reluctant to talk about it to others even to doctors. This is why it is essential to address this problem openly.
What are the mechanics of erectile dysfunction?
The penis accommodates cylinder-shaped chambers called corpora cavernosa which runs along the length of the penis. They comprise arteries which convey the blood to the penis and veins which take the blood away from the penis. When there’s sexual stimulation either physically or mentally our brain sends a message to the nerves within the penis to cause the comfort of the penile arteries. This increases the blood flow to the penis making it stiff and hard, thus achieving erection.There is simultaneous contraction of specialised muscular tissues positioned within the penis which compresses the veins and reduces the outflow of blood from the penis thereby helping to maintain erection.
This is evident now that anything that interferes with the either nerve impulses anywhere from the brain down to the penis or anything that limits the blood flow to the penis can lead to erectile dysfunction.
Causes of Erectile Dysfunction
Most people consider it as a psychological problem. Nonetheless it is just not the case. Though psychological factors are concerned in the causation of ED however largely we do have any undermendacity physical cause of ED.
Physical Conditions Leading To ED
1. Vascular ailments
We understand that it is the elevated blood flow to the penis that helps us achieve erection. Thus any vascular diseases which impair the blood flow to the penis will make it troublesome to get erection. They embody atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and elevated ranges of cholesterols.
Males suffering from diabetes mellitus often experience erectile dysfunction throughout life particularly once they do not have an optimum sugar control. The erectile dysfunction related with diabetes is attributed to damage to blood vessels as well as nerves.
3. Neurologic Disorder
For adequate erection we require proper functioning of our nerves as well as brain. This is why any dysfunction that interferes with the capabilities of brain or nerves can cause erectile dysfunction. They include conditions such as Stroke Multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease.
There are some life-style selections which can improve the risk of erectile dysfunction. They embrace smoking, drinking and drug abuse. The accomplish that by interfering with the blood supply of the penis.
Trauma to the blood vessels and nerve supplying the penis can even cause erectile dysfunction. The importance of trauma as a cause of erectile dysfunction has been implicated in people who have been riding bicycle for longer interval of times. This is because bicycle seat can put constant pressure on the vessels and nerves supplying the penis thereby damaging them and leading to erectile dysfunction.
There are specific medicine that may cause erectile dysfunction. They embrace drugs used to lower blood pressure and also some antidepressant. The irony is depression and high blood pressure are among the causes of erectile dysfunction and the drugs you are utilizing to treat these conditions also cause erectile dysfunction. This is why it is vital for you to talk to you doctor in case you are on any medications and you start having problems with the erection.
7. Surgical procedure
Largely older individuals above the age of fifty have problems with erection. This is the age when people additionally current with enlargement of the prostate and even with prostate cancer. They require surgical procedures for these conditions and through surgery the nerves supplying the penis could be damaged leading to erectile dysfunction.
Psychiatric Conditions Leading To ED
The brain is involved in achieving erection as well as pleasure and excitement related with intercourse so any problem that interferes with functioning of brain can cause ED. Psychiatric conditions are responsible for only about 10-15percentof the cases of ED. They include
• Low-self worth
Easy methods to Treat Erectile Dysfunction?
1. Lifestyle modifications
There are particular life style adjustments which can assist in the improvement of sexual function. They include cessation of smoking, exercise and weight loss.
There is this well-known drug called sildenafil which is well known as Viagra. It is not the only drug, somewhat there’s a whole class of drugs called phosphodiestrase inhibitors. The opposite necessary medications included in this group are Vardenafil ( Levita, Stxyn), Tadalafil (Cialis) and Avanafil (Stendra)
3. Vacuum Pumps
They’re specialized devices containing a cylinder and a pump. The penis is positioned within the cylinder and pump is used to draw the air out of the pump creating a cylinder. This increases the blood flow to the penis. To be able to preserve the erection an elastic band is worn across the base of penis.
4. Surgical procedure
If the erectile dysfunction is because of blockage of the artery supplying the penis particularly in youthful patients we will surgically restore that blood flow. The opposite things we can do surgically is place an implant in there. This implant is filled with the pressurized fluid at any time when erection is required.
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